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On the mobile technology of the significant difference between intelligent robot and industrial robot

Pubdate:2019-11-05 Views:158

What are the difficulties in applying the traditional symbol processing technology of artificial intelligence to robots? The controller of general industrial robots is essentially a numerical calculation system. If artificial intelligence system (such as expert system) is directly added to the top layer of robot controller, can a good intelligent controller be obtained?


It's not that easy. Because of the significant gap between symbol processing and numerical calculation in the abstract level of knowledge representation and time scale, if the two systems are combined directly, there will be problems of communication and interaction between them, which is the difficulty of organizing intelligent control system. This difficulty is manifested in two aspects: first, the feedback information obtained by the sensor is usually a large number of numerical information, which is difficult to be directly used by the symbol layer. It needs to be compressed, transformed and understood before it is transformed into a symbol representation, which is often a difficult and time-consuming thing. The information comes from multiple sensors distributed in different locations and different types.


Mobile function is one of the significant differences between intelligent robot and industrial robot. With the addition of mobile function, the scope of operation of the robot is greatly increased, which makes the concept of mobile robot expand from land to underwater and air. In recent years, mobile technology plays an important role in robot research projects abroad. For example, in the robots on the freedom of NASA space station, the Antarctic Erebus active volcano exploration robot jointly developed by NASA and NSF, and the US nuclear waste disposal robot ha7bot, mobile technology is listed as the key technology. The integrated development of mobile mechanism and task-oriented actuator is a new trend recently. Because no matter what kind of robot, it needs to carry on the manipulator or the sensor to complete the specific work function. Another tendency is the combination of motion control and vision. This tendency has begun to appear in ALV projects, and recently it has crossed the frame of still image recognition and entered the stage of active vision and active sensing. Obviously, the coordinated control of vision sensor driver is indispensable for intelligent robot to move autonomously in unstructured environment or under remote control.


Mobile function is one of the significant differences between intelligent robot and industrial robot. With the addition of mobile function, the scope of operation of the robot is greatly increased, which makes the concept of mobile robot expand from land to underwater and air. In recent years, mobile technology plays an important role in robot research projects abroad. For example, in the robots on the freedom of NASA space station, the Antarctic Erebus active volcano exploration robot jointly developed by NASA and NSF, and the US nuclear waste disposal robot ha7bot, mobile technology is listed as the key technology. The integrated development of mobile mechanism and task-oriented actuator is a new trend recently. Because no matter what kind of robot, it needs to carry on the manipulator or the sensor to complete the specific work function. Another tendency is the combination of motion control and vision. This tendency has begun to appear in ALV projects, and recently it has crossed the frame of still image recognition and entered the stage of active vision and active sensing. Obviously, the coordinated control of vision sensor driver is indispensable for intelligent robot to move autonomously in unstructured environment or under remote control.